Protection Mechanisms

Community Charter of Fundamental Social Rights of Workers

September 26, 2009

Until the 1980s, the focus of the EC regarding human rights primarily rested on civil and political rights, as in the overriding international context. However, the focus had shifted in the 1980s more towards the social dimension, which “was high on the European Council’s agenda at that time, as demonstrated by the declarations at the […]

Introduction to the European Social Charter

September 19, 2009

Even though economic and social rights were present in the constitutions of France, Germany and Italy after the Second World War, it was decided not to include them in the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (ECHR). This decision was defended by one of the key drafters, Pierre-Henri Teitgen, on […]

United Nations Human Rights Mechanisms

September 18, 2009

The mechanisms, established by the United Nations, for the monitoring of the observance of human rights international instruments by State parties fall into two groups, namely the conventional and the extra-conventional mechanisms. The conventional mechanisms are the committees, or treaty bodies, established under the human rights treaties and their purpose is to monitor the implementation […]