Legal Instruments

The Case Law of the European Court of Justice

November 7, 2009

Many of the socio-economic rights incorporated into the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union (EU) have already been given recognition by the European Court of Justice (ECJ). In relation to the workings of the single market, throughout the history of the European Community (EC), it was not the case that its negative aspects […]

Community Charter of Fundamental Social Rights of Workers

September 26, 2009

Until the 1980s, the focus of the EC regarding human rights primarily rested on civil and political rights, as in the overriding international context. However, the focus had shifted in the 1980s more towards the social dimension, which “was high on the European Council’s agenda at that time, as demonstrated by the declarations at the […]

Introduction to the European Social Charter

September 19, 2009

Even though economic and social rights were present in the constitutions of France, Germany and Italy after the Second World War, it was decided not to include them in the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (ECHR). This decision was defended by one of the key drafters, Pierre-Henri Teitgen, on […]

The Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union

September 18, 2009

The Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union was primarily intended for the purpose of making “the overriding importance and relevance of fundamental rights more visible to the Union’s citizens.”[1] This is expressly stated in the Preamble of the Charter, which ties this need to the growing changes in society, with particular reference to […]